1. Test Your Soil
If you want to be successful in organic gardening you must know first the basics in putting up an organic garden. It is important for you to test the soil where you’ll be growing your own garden. Measure the alkalinity or acidity of your soil. Too acidic or too alkaline won’t make your plants grow. Plants won’t be able to get nutrients from the soil that have too much acid and alkaline in it. You can plant your seedlings straight in the ground.
2. Use Containers
You can use containers in planting if you don’t have a backyard or if you don’t have enough space to plant in your backyard. Some root crops and asparagus won’t grow in containers. Vegetables like tomatoes, green onions, peppers, beans, lettuce, and squash are fine in them. You can use containers with size like a whiskey barrel. Small containers dry out quickly and roots can’t grow. Put holes at the base of the containers for drainage.
3. Grow Companion Plants
There are plants that helps their neighbors grow, they are called companion plants. These plants helps enrich the soil and repel pests, which mean you don’t need to use fertilizers and pesticides anymore. Peas and beans help other plants by converting atmospheric nitrogen into a form that other crops needs. There are also plants that drive away pests from your vegetables like onions, chives, basil, and mint because of their odor. You can also plant flowers that can attract good bugs; they can help you get rid of pests that can destroy your plants. Also plant some marigolds. They are toxic to insects that can destroy your plants.
4. Water Your Plants – the right way
In watering your plant use soaker hose, don’t water your plants using sprinkler. Water your plants in the morning or late afternoon. Don’t water your plants when the sun is high because most of the water will evaporate. Plants with wet leaves can easily attract diseases. A soaker hose has small pores which allow water to flow out gently. Using a soaker hose in watering your plants is a good and eco-friendly way to satisfy thirsty plants. It is also a good way to conserve water.
You can also use rainwater in watering your plants it can help you conserve more water and money. You can use any container in collecting water from the rain. Place some container underneath the downspout of your house to be able to catch rain that runoff from your roof.
5. Keep Your Garden Clean
You can avoid pests from destroying your garden by cleaning it. Clean your garden once a week or more. Diseases can spread in dead, fallen foliage. Every time you see fallen foliage, pick them up immediately. Pick up also infected leaves in your plant to avoid diseases from spreading to your entire plant. Do not throw infected leaves in your compost pile; throw them in the trash instead. Pull out weeds by your hand. Do not leave the weeds’ root behind, pull them out too. Don’t let the weeds grow or spread through your garden before cleaning them. Get them early.
Composting works for the organic gardener three ways: (1) it helps reduce organic waste from inside and outside the household; (2) it reduces carbon footprint and (3) it helps improve garden soil and provides plants with highly nutritious food that they can easily absorb. Composting is one of the habits of a successful gardener and there are more than one way to do it. You can compost indoors using a bin, outdoors in a covered pile, use worms to make compost (vermicomposting), make compost right in the garden using a worm tower or use the simplest composting method known as trench composting.